There are two types of players in the equity market, investors and traders. The names are often considered interchangeable. This assumes that investors and traders are the same.
That is not so. There are key differences between the two.
Investing and trading are two different mechanisms employed to make a profit in the financial markets. Though both investing and trading may appear as parts of the same process for someone who is relatively inexperienced in the financial market, in reality the two are far from being similar.
Investing is traditionally related to buying stocks or other financial instruments that are expected to fetch returns over a long period of time. They are often held onto like family silver for several years. For this reason, it is important that investors select stocks or bonds of companies which are expected to grow in the long term. Thus, investing involves intense fundamental research about the potential investment target, be it a stock or a long-term bond. The aim of an investor is to create a balanced portfolio of different stocks and bonds that give returns through increase in value as well as dividends or interest income. This enables him or her to attain financial security.
As a result, investors do not sell their holdings regularly. It is only in case of an emergency or when the stock has met its long-term targets.
Trading is characteristically associated with buying and selling stocks, commodities, currencies, bonds or other financial instruments over shorter periods. This is primarily to make profits from the short-term movements in prices of these securities. So, traders essentially take advantage of volatility. Assessing good trading opportunities typically makes use of trading systems or chart-based techniques to detect short-term patterns in prices. This is called technical analysis. It involves more frequent buying and selling of stocks or other financial instruments.